What Are The Properties Of Black Soil?

How is black soil formed?

Black soil is formed by the weathering or breaking of igneous rocks and also by the cooling or solidification of lava from the volcano eruption.

Black soil are rich in Calcium, Carbonate, Potash and hold moisture, hence it is found sticky when it is wet and cracks when it is dry..

How do you identify black soil?

Self-ploughing is a characteristic of the black soil as it develops wide cracks when dried. Rich in: Iron, lime, calcium, potassium, aluminum and magnesium. Deficient in: Nitrogen, Phosphorous and organic matter. Colour: Deep black to light black.

What is black soil class 10th?

Answer: Black soils are made up of extremely fine ; clayey material. They are well-known for their capacity to hold moisture. They are rich in soil nutrients such as calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash and lime. They develop deep cracks during hot weather, which helps in the proper aeration of the soil.

What are the disadvantages of black soil?

Kharif in dependable rainfall areas (750mm-1250mm/yr) means considerable loss of water through runoff, considerable loss of nutrients, considerable soil erosion and loss of one crop. Black soil have low fertility and are poor in organic matter, nitrogen, available phosphorous and zinc.

Is black soil good for skin?

Just like Multani mitti, black clay is considered very beneficial for skin and hair. It is also known as clay. Soil is used in large quantities in Ayurvedic treatment.

Where is black soil is found?

Black soils are derivatives of trap lava and are spread mostly across interior Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Madhya Pradesh on the Deccan lava plateau and the Malwa Plateau, where there is both moderate rainfall and underlying basaltic rock.

Which crop is suitable for black soil?

It is mainly known as black cotton soil because this soil is most suitable for the cotton crop. Along with cotton, the soil is suitable for the cultivation of crops like groundnut, wheat, tobacco, chillies, and jowar.

What are the three main features of black soil?

Describe any three main features of ‘Black soil’Black soil is black in colour and also known as Regur Soil.Black soil is well known for its capacity to hold moisture.It is rich in calcium carbonate, magnesium, potash and lime.It is ideal for growing cotton.This type of soil is typical of the Deccan trap region spread over northwest Deccan Plateau.More items…

What are the chemical properties of black soil?

One chemical property of black soil – Black soil is poor in Lime, Potash and phosphorous.

Why is black soil agriculturally important?

here is why black soil is agriculturally important: ✯ black or regur soil has got good water retention capacity which makes is super fertile and best for growing crops which require good amount of water to grow. … ✯ cotton is the main crop which is mostly grown in this soil because good amount of profits can be made.

Is code for black cotton soil?

The Black cotton soil (BC soil) having characteristics as given in Table 1. OPC 43 grade as per IS:8112- 1989. Well graded granular moorum having minimum 4 day soaked CBR of 10% and maximum laboratory dry unit weight when tested as per IS:2720 (Part-8) shall not be less than 17.50 kN/m3.

What is black soil Short answer?

Answer: Black soil is formed due to the solidification of lava spread over large areas during volcanic activity in the Deccan Plateau, thousands of years ago. This soils are also called Regur Soils. … The black soil is very retentive of moisture.

What do you mean by black soil?

Black soils are mineral soils which have a black surface horizon, enriched with organic carbon that is at least 25 cm deep. … A base saturation in the black surface horizons ≥50%.

Why is black soil black in Colour?

Black soil is the fertile soil present in India. It is abundantly found in Haryana, Maharashtra and Uttar Pradesh. The black colour of the soil is due to the presence of iron, aluminium and humus. This type of soil is most suitable for the cultivation of grains, vegetables and cotton.

What is the difference between black soil and red soil?

Red soil got its name according to its colour, presence of iron. This type of soil is only found in the climatic zone, which has a warm and moist climate. … Black soil is rich in calcium, potassium and magnesium. Crops like cotton, oilseeds, tobacco, ragi and maize grow well in it.

How black soil formed where is soil found in India?

How is black soil formed? … The black soils are made up of the lava flows and are found in Deccan plateau. They cover the plateaus of Maharashtra, Saurashtra, Malwa Plateau in Madhya Pradesh and extend eastwards in the south along the Godavari and Krishna valleys. The black soil is also known as regur.

What are the properties of black cotton soil?

As such Black cotton soil (BC soil) has very low bearing capacity and high swelling and shrinkage characteristics. Due to its peculiar characteristics, it forms a very poor foundation material for road construction. Soaked laboratory CBR values of Black Cotton soils are generally found in the range of 2 to 4%.

What are the benefits of black soil?

Black soils constitute the food basket for many countries and for the world in general and are often recognized as inherently productive and fertile soils. They are extensively and intensively farmed, and increasingly dedicated to cereal production, pasture, range and forage systems.

What is the other name for black soil?

black soils known locally as regur. After those the alluvial soil is the third most-common type.

Which mineral is present in black cotton soil?

Montmorinolite2.2 Black cotton soils are made of varying Properties of minerals like Montmorinolite and kaolinite, chemicals like Iron Oxide and Calcium Carbonate and organic matter like humus. Montmorinolite is a predominant mineral of black cotton soils.

What is the main drawback of Black Soil Class 10?

black soil has high moisture content& also full of organic matter making it suitable to grow plantation crops as cotton tobbaco sugarcane . The main drawback of black soils are: 1)they lack in phosphorous. 2)they get sticky when they are wet due to which it becomes very hard to work with it.