What Are The Causes And Effects Of Land Degradation?

What are the causes of land degradation?

The major causes of land degradation include, land clearance poor farming practices, overgrazing, inappropriate irrigation, urban sprawl, and commercial development, land pollution including industrial waste and quarrying of stone, sand and minerals..

What do you understand by land degradation?

Land degradation is the reduction or loss of the biological or economic productivity and complexity of rain—fed cropland, irrigated cropland, or range, pasture, forest or woodlands resulting from natural processes, land uses or other human activities and habitation patterns such as land contamination, soil erosion and …

What are the two reasons for land degradation?

Two reasons for land degradation are deforestation and overuse of chemical fertilisers. Why is land considered an important resource? Solution : Land is considered an important resource because it is used for different purposes such as agriculture, forestry, mining, building houses, roads and setting up of industries.

Which two factors are responsible for land degradation?

Some of the factors responsible for land degradation are (i) loss of vegetation occuring due to deforestation (ii) unsustainable fuel wood and fodder extraction (iii) shifting cultivation (iv) encroachment into forest lands (v) forest fires and over grazing (vi) non-adoption of adequate soil conservation measures (vii) …

What are human factors of land degradation?

Human interventions which are causing land degradation are (1) deforestation, (2) overgrazing by livestock, (3) mismanagement of agricultural land, (4) overexploitation of the vegetative cover for domestic use, and (5) (bio)industrial activities.

What are the 5 causes of land degradation?

Nine Main Causes of Land Degradation are as follows:Deforestation: Forests play an important role in maintaining fertility of soil by shedding their leaves which contain many nutrients. … Excessive Use of Fertilizers and Pesticides: … Overgrazing: … Salination: … Water-logging: … Desertification: … Soil erosion: … Wasteland:More items…

What is land degradation What are its causes Class 10?

Land degradation means decrese in the quality of the land .,,such that its nutrients and fertility is lost and is in incapable of growing crops ..the causes of Land degradation are .. 1) Soil pollution. 2) Soil Erosion. 3) Over grazing. 4) Extraction of minerals at a repeated stage..

What is land degradation in simple words?

Land degradation—the deterioration or loss of the productive capacity of the soils for present and future—is a global challenge that affects everyone through food insecurity, higher food prices, climate change, environmental hazards, and the loss of biodiversity and ecosystem services.

What is land degradation What are its causes which is the biggest cause of land degradation?

The main causes of land degradation are – Deforestation, overgrazing leading to a reduced growth of vegetation, reduced diversity of plant species, excessive growth of unwanted plant species, soil erosion, and degradation of land due to cattle movement, excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, Industrialization, …

How can we prevent land degradation?

5 possible solutions to soil degradationCurb industrial farming. Tilling, multiple harvests and agrochemicals have boosted yields at the expense of sustainability. … Bring back the trees. Without plant and tree cover, erosion happens much more easily. … Stop or limit ploughing. … Replace goodness. … Leave land alone.Feb 26, 2018

What are the types of land degradation?

For the purpose of this study, the many and varied processes of land degradation have been grouped into six classes: water erosion, wind erosion, soil fertility decline, salinization, waterlogging, and lowering of the water table.

What are the effects of land degradation?

Its impacts can be far-reaching, including loss of soil fertility, destruction of species habitat and biodiversity, soil erosion, and excessive nutrient runoff into lakes. Land degradation also has serious knock-on effects for humans, such as malnutrition, disease, forced migration, cultural damage, and even war.

Which factor is not responsible for land degradation?

Answer: Terrace farming is not responsible for land degradation.

What are the causes of land degradation how we solve this problem?

Afforestation and proper management of grazing can help to check land degradation. Planting of shelter belts help in checking the sand causing land degradation near the deserts. Overgrazing can be checked and avoided. Stabilisation of sand dunes by growing thorny bushes can also check land degradation.